TherapyWorks | Physical and Emotional Signs of Depression

Recognizing the signs of depression, both emotional and physical, is the first step toward seeking help and support. (Contributed)

October is Depression Awareness Month. Depression is a silent battle that millions of people face. It’s a complex mental health condition that doesn’t discriminate. It can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, background or circumstances. While depression is a mental illness, its impact extends far beyond the mind.

This article explores both the physical and emotional signs of depression. Knowing these signs can help you recognize when you or someone you know might need help. Depression can mask itself as other conditions which often leads people to ignore some of these signs. 

Our hope is that by shedding light on the multifaceted nature of this condition and the importance of recognizing its signs early, that more members of our community will seek help when they need it most.

Emotional Signs of Depression

Depression is often described as a shadow that looms over one’s life. But depression is more than just the blue or feeling gloomy. It can affect every part of someone’s life. Understanding the emotional signs of depression that define this often misunderstood condition is a crucial step towards seeking help and finding a path toward recovery.

  • Persistent Sadness: People with depression may describe it as a persistent, heavy cloud that hangs over their thoughts and emotions.
  • Loss of Interest: Depression can steal the joy from activities and interests that once brought happiness. Hobbies, social gatherings, and even daily tasks may lose their appeal.
  • Feelings of Worthlessness: People with depression may experience a profound sense of worthlessness and self-loathing. They may also constantly blame themselves for their circumstances.
  • Difficulty Concentrating: Depression can impair cognitive function, making it challenging to concentrate, remember things, and make decisions.
  • Isolation: Depressed individuals often withdraw from social interactions, isolating themselves from friends and family.
  • Irritability: Depression can manifest as increased irritability, leading to strained relationships with loved ones.

Physical Signs of Depression

While the emotional toll depression can take is more widely acknowledged, its physical manifestations are equally significant but often overlooked. The influence of depression extends to the body, leading to physical symptoms that can also be debilitating. 

  • Unexplained Aches and Pains: Headaches, backaches and muscle pains that do not respond to conventional treatments can be indicative of depression.
  • Changes in Appetite: Depression can lead to fluctuations in appetite. Some individuals may lose interest in food and lose weight, while others may overeat, leading to weight gain.
  • Sleep Disturbances: Sleep patterns often become disrupted in those with depression. Some may experience insomnia, while others may sleep excessively.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Digestive problems, including stomachaches, nausea and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), can be linked to the emotional turmoil of depression.
  • Fatigue and Low Energy: A pervasive sense of fatigue and low energy levels is common in depression. Simple tasks may feel like overwhelming challenges.
  • Immune System Suppression: Depression can weaken the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to illnesses.

The Mind-Body Connection

It’s important to understand that the emotional and physical signs of depression are interconnected. This means that addressing one aspect can lead to improvements in the other. 

For instance, seeking therapy or counseling to address the emotional aspects of depression can indirectly improve physical symptoms. Likewise, focusing on physical well-being through regular exercise, a balanced diet and adequate sleep can have a positive impact on mood.

Recognizing the signs of depression, both emotional and physical, is the first step toward seeking help and support. Depression is a treatable condition, and with the right interventions, individuals can regain their quality of life.

If you or someone you know is experiencing these signs, don’t hesitate to reach out to a mental health professional or a trusted friend or family member. Remember that there is hope, and you don’t have to face depression alone.

Maaliea Wilbur, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, is Founder and CEO of TherapyWorks. For more information, visit

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Maaliea Wilbur, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, is Founder and CEO of TherapyWorks. For more information, visit


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